An MRI of the Abdomen and Pelvis obtains high-resolution images of the contents of the abdomen, including the liver, spleen, adrenal glands, pancreas, kidneys, gastrointestinal tract, supporting mesentery, urinary bladder and pelvic organs including the reproductive organs in the male (prostate and testicles) and the female (uterus, cervix and ovaries). It is usually obtained with and without IV contrast. MRI can distinguish tumors from normal tissues and can help the doctor determine the tumor's size, severity, and spread. This is called staging.
This test may be used to diagnose or evaluate:
Cancer and tumors
Blood flow in the abdominal vessels
The cause of abdominal pain or swelling
The cause of abnormal blood test results, such as liver or kidney problems
Lymph nodes in the abdomen
tumors, bleeding, or problems present since birth (congenital abnormalities) of the lower abdominal and pelvic organs
For women, your doctor may order a pelvis MRI to further investigate: infertility, irregular vaginal bleeding, lumps or masses in your pelvic area, pain in your lower belly or pelvic area.
For men, a pelvis MRI might look into conditions such as: an undescended testicle, lumps in the scrotum or testicles, or swelling in that area and prostate cancer.
Please remember to bring all related examinations with you to your appointment.
No eating or drinking for 2 hours prior to the examination. During the exam most metal items will need to be removed. Patients with metallic implants, pacemakers or metal clips must notify the technologist prior to examination. If you are having an MRI of the head, please do not wear eye makeup. In case you have a history of allergy or kidney disease, please inform your physician to obtain additional details of your preparation.
You will be asked to remove all of your clothes and change into a gown to avoid metallic objects being inadvertently taken into the scanner. The MRI technologist will help to position you on a movable table and will try to ensure that you are as comfortable as possible. The table will slide slowly into the center of the scanner. A two-way intercom allows you to communicate with the MRI technologist. You need to lie as still as possible during the scan otherwise the images may be blurry and the scan may need to be repeated.Some MRI examinations require an injection of a special intravenous contrast or dye (called Gadolinium). This can provide additional detail on the MRI pictures and is usually injected into a small vein in the elbow. If you experience symptoms of claustrophobia or are unable to lie flat comfortably, mild oral sedation can be administered during the examination, in order to relax. After your scan, you will need to remain under observation for some time in order to recover from the sedation and you will need to be accompanied by someone who can drive you home.MRI is usually avoided in the first trimester of pregnancy unless there are special circumstances. Please notify us if you are pregnant or if you think you may be pregnant.